Predictive validity is the extent to which performance on a test is related to later performance that the test was designed to predict. For example, the SAT test is taken by high school students to predict their future performance in college (namely, their college GPA).
What is predictive validity in assessment example?
In psychometrics, predictive validity is the extent to which a score on a scale or test predicts scores on some criterion measure. For example, the validity of a cognitive test for job performance is the correlation between test scores and, for example, supervisor performance ratings.
How do you determine predictive validity?
Definition of Predictive Validity:
The best way to directly establish predictive validity is to perform a long-term validity study by administering employment tests to job applicants and then seeing if those test scores are correlated with the future job performance of the hired employees.
What is the concept of predictive validity?
Predictive validity refers to the degree to which scores on a test or assessment are related to performance on a criterion or gold standard assessment that is administered at some point in the future. … Several examples of applications of predictive validity to education research and practice can be considered.
How is predictive validity used?
Predictive validity tells you how well a certain measure can predict future behavior. One of the most common uses for predictive validity is in University Admissions. … Depressed patients can be followed to see if there is a correlation between their scores on a particular scale and their future behaviors.
How are the test result of predictive validity interpreted?
Predictive validity indicates the extent to which an individ- ual’s future level on the criterion is predicted from prior test performance. Concurrent validity indicates the extent to which the test scores estimate an individual’s present standing on the criterion.
What is a high predictive validity?
For example, the predictive validity of a test designed to predict the onset of a disease would be strong if high test scores were associated with individuals who later developed that disease. It is one of three types of criterion validity.
What are the 4 types of validity?
There are four main types of validity:
- Construct validity: Does the test measure the concept that it’s intended to measure?
- Content validity: Is the test fully representative of what it aims to measure?
- Face validity: Does the content of the test appear to be suitable to its aims?
What does a low predictive validity mean?
But if there is no significant relation between SAT sores and college GPA, then we would say the SAT has low or poor predictive validity, because it did not predict what it was supposed to.
What is predictive validity in HR?
Predictive validity relates to the efficiency of an instrument in predicting behavior or performance of an individual on some future criteria.it simply defines the ability of one measure to predict another future measure of the same concept.
What is the difference between predictive and concurrent validity?
Concurrent validity is a type of evidence that can be gathered to defend the use of a test for predicting other outcomes. … This is in contrast to predictive validity, where one measure occurs earlier and is meant to predict some later measure.